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Keeping your pets as healthy as possible means making sure they are up-to-date on vaccinations that protect them from infectious diseases. Our animal hospital in Carlsbad administers vaccines for pets to lower their risk of getting sick. The following are some of the most frequently asked questions about pet vaccines in Carlsbad.
Carlsbad pet vaccines contain live or killed samples of infectious diseases. Vaccines train your pet’s immune system to recognize and neutralize the organisms that cause these diseases. This helps prevent infections from occurring or becoming serious and potentially life-threatening.
While some of the infectious diseases that vaccines guard against are typically mild, such as kennel cough. Others can be dangerous, such as distemper. Some diseases also have no cure, such as rabies, making it crucial for pets to be protected from catching them.
There are certain vaccines known as core vaccines that dogs and cats should receive. Core vaccines for dogs include adenovirus-2, distemper and canine parvovirus. Core vaccines for cats include feline calicivirus, rabies, feline panleukopenia virus and feline herpesvirus 1. California also requires dogs to have regular rabies vaccines to prevent the spread of this deadly disease.
Non-core vaccines are also available, although not all pets need these. Our veterinarian can help you determine which of these vaccines your dog or cat should get. Non-core vaccines for dogs include canine parainfluenza virus, bordetella, leptospira and distemper-measles combination vaccines. Non-core vaccines for cats include feline leukemia virus, feline immunodeficiency virus and feline bordetella. Some of these vaccines are only needed in pets who are at risk of certain diseases. For example, outdoor cats might benefit from feline leukemia virus vaccines, while dogs that are boarded might need bordetella vaccines to protect them from kennel cough.
Pets are usually given vaccines when they are roughly 4 months old. These initial vaccines are followed with a booster shot when they are around 1 year old. After this, some vaccines are given every year, while others are given every 3 years.
Pet vaccines are safe for most pets, but there are some risks associated with their use. For example, cats who receive adjuvanted vaccines for feline leukemia virus might have a risk of developing sarcoma. Our veterinarian will discuss potential risks with you and take steps to minimize these risks, such as administering a safer form of vaccines for pets. Keep in mind that some pets do experience mild side effects after receiving vaccines, such as soreness or swelling at the injection site.
When your pets are due for their vaccines, please contact our veterinarian in Carlsbad to schedule an appointment. At Carlsbad Animal Hospital, we help make sure that your pets stay updated on all required and recommended vaccines.